: Wk 4 quiz

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There are several competing models of conceptualizing the prostitution industry. One such model, the polymorphous model, posits that sex work contains positive and negative factors and that both must be considered when assessing the consequences of participating in prostitution. This study examines the relationship between participation in prostitution and familial relationships using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health data. The present study conceptualized participation in prostitution to include both clients and providers. Results indicate that participation in prostitution is not a predictor of parenting satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, or of reporting being the victim of domestic violence. It is, however, associated with a significantly increased chance of perpetrating domestic violence (OR=2.59). These results highlight the possible power dynamic present in prostitution and how these may influence intimate partner relationships. These dynamics are discussed and their influence on policy is considered.

The sociological phenomenon of prostitution is often viewed through competing perspectives—or what Weitzer (2010a, 2012) calls paradigms. The oppression paradigm holds that prostitution is inherently and essentially “degrading, immoral, sexist, or harmful” (Weitzer 2010a, p. 4). Conversely, the empowerment paradigm contends that prostitution is validating and places prostitution within an entrepreneurial framework (Bimbi 2007; Schur1988; Weitzer2009). Both of these perspectives, however, have a reputation for minimizing research that is contrary to its tenets (Weitzer 2010a, b, 2012). As such, Weitzer (2009) introduces the polymorphous paradigm, which integrates the positions of the oppression and empowerment paradigms and suggests that prostitution is a “constellation of occupational arrangements, power relations, and worker experiences” (p. 215) with both advantageous and dangerous components. The current analysis will utilize the polymorphous paradigm as its theoretical base. The literature review below includes findings that support both the oppression and empowerment paradigms and are presented as objectively as possible. Similarly, the results of the present analysis will be interpreted with Weitzer’s sociological constellation in mind.


Participants were surveyed as part of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (NLSAH) and are available in the public-use data set, which consists of a stratified sample of students from 132 US high schools and middle schools. The study design ensured a representative sample of US schools with respect to demographic factors including location of school, urban city, school size, and ethnicity. Wave I of data collection occurred in 1994–1995 and included interviews with more than 90,000 students. Waves II, III, and IV occurred in 1996, 2001–2002, and 2007–2008, respectively.For a detailed explanation of the survey and data collection design see Harris et al. (2009). The data repository removed individual identifiers from the public-use data set to ensure confidentiality. As such, the current study is exempt from institutional review board oversight. The current analysis used data collected during wave IV of the NLSAH, consisting of 15,701 individuals. The public-use data of wave IV is a random selection of 5,114 participants from the full wave IV sample. The mean age is 29.0 years old (SD=1.78). The majority of the sample is female (n=2,761; 54 %), White (n=3,670; 71.8 %), high school educated (n=3,046; 59.6 %), and employed (n=3,361; 65.7 %). Complete demographic data are available in Table 1.

Question 9 of 9
2.0 Points
What is the average age of the participants?

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